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【媒库文选】热爱古典音乐无需学位

发布时间:19-10-09 阅读:317

You Don't Need a Degree to Love Classical Music 热爱古典音乐无需学位

John Mauceri 约翰·毛切里

Of the many questions I'm often asked about classical music because of my decades conducting orchestras, the easiest one to answer is, “How can I learn to love it?” My answer is: “You already do.”

Many people have been told that they need to be classically trained, or incredibly smart, to “get it.” But when 12,000 Londoners flocked to Green Park to hear the dress rehearsal of Handel's “Music for the Royal Fireworks” in 1749, no one in the crowd had a master's degree in music. Tchaikovsky had a wide audience in mind in 1888 when he composed “The Sleeping Beauty,” just as Prokofiev did when he wrote “Cinderella” in the early 1940s.

Classical music deals with adult emotions and ideas, but you can still love aspects of it as a kid. Pre-adolescents can hear dramatically swirling melodies and throbbing rhythms, and if they are attracted to what they have heard, their understanding will only increase as years pass by.

As a boy growing up in New York City in the 1950s, I first heard the overture to Wagner's “The Flying Dutchman” as the theme music for a science-fiction television show called “Captain Video,” and it was absolutely thrilling. Only later in life did I learn it was music that described a supernatural storm that tossed a ghost across endless seas in the hopes of finding a woman who would love him and break the curse of his eternal wandering.

When I first conducted the opera, that childhood imprint of the music from “Captain Video” was still somewhere in the farthest reaches of my mind. Music can be written to evoke a very specific sound, mood or scene, yet can be heard differently in different contexts. Wagner's overture gets our attention with a heroic-sounding melody from the horns and then a depiction of a stormy sea, and as a kid, I knew the hero was Captain Video. As an adult, I understood that, far from being merely heroic, the very first notes were meant as the wail of a ghost seeking redemption. The notes were the same, but I certainly was not, and yet there was comfort in revisiting something from my childhood with the benefit of an adult's knowledge.

But does it still happen today? That question was answered for me last summer when my two great-nephews, 8-year-old twins, were playing with Legos. One of them had successfully completed a task and began singing the Hallelujah Chorus from Handel's “Messiah.” The other joined in, singing in innocent merriment. They kept going well into the more complex development of the simple melodies, but the words were different. “What's that?” I asked. The answer: “Captain Underpants!”

古典音乐表达的是成年人的感情和设法主见,但儿童也能爱上古典音乐的某些方面。十岁阁下的少年听到的可能是跌荡放诞起伏的旋律和跳动的节奏,假如他们被听到的这些所吸引,跟着年事渐长,理解只会加深。

上世纪50年代,我还只是纽约市的一个小男孩,从一部名为《电视游侠》的科幻电视剧主题曲中第一次听到瓦格纳歌剧《流浪的荷兰人》的序曲,那绝对让人激动不已。长大年夜后我才知道,这段音乐描述了一场超自然风暴,裹挟着一个鬼魂穿越无边无涯的海洋,鬼魂盼望找到会爱上他、解除他永世流浪诅咒的女性。

当我第一次批示这出歌剧时,《电视游侠》主题曲留下的童年印记仍存留在心灵深处。谱写乐曲时可能为唤起某个分外详细的声音、情绪或场景,而聆听乐曲时可能是在各自不合的情况有各自不合的感想熏染。瓦格纳的序曲引起我们留意的是号角演奏出充溢英雄气魄的旋律,然后是对风暴中海洋的描画,而孩提时,我只知道英雄是“电视游侠”。成年后,我才明白最开始的这段乐曲远不光有英雄气魄,也是一个寻求救赎的鬼魂的哀嚎。乐曲照样同样的乐曲,而我当然不是昔时的我。带着成年后的常识重拾童年回忆,让人认为欣慰。

但现在还会是这样吗?2018年夏天,我的这个问题获得回答。当时我的两个孙辈在玩乐高,他们是一对8岁的双胞胎。此中一个成功完成后开始唱亨德尔《弥赛亚》中的《哈利路亚大年夜合唱》。另一个也无邪欢快地一路唱。他们一口气唱到这段简单旋律中较难的展开部分,但歌词完全不合。我问:“你们唱的是什么?”他们答道:“内裤队长!”

终有一天,他们听到吹奏亨德尔的《弥赛亚》时,儿时的隐隐影象会发生变更,与蓝本颂唱耶稣回生的古典音乐联系起来。但这两个诞生于2010年的孩子肯定知道,这段创作于1741年的乐曲曾经是,而且不停是表杀青功和喜悦的音乐。而没有人教他们“怎么热爱古典音乐”。

音乐就在那里,它等待着你。你可以在生射中的任何节点走进音乐。音乐有那么多种类型,在历史中存在的光阴相对较短。假如你发明自己不爱好某些音乐,那你会找到同好:同样热爱古典音乐的人,由于没人能什么都爱好。

然而,当你听到能激发共鸣的音乐,它会帮你认清自我。一旦你走进音乐的天下,音乐也走进你的天下,它就会成为终生伴侣,总能阐明你现在是谁,曾经是谁。它会很美好,由于它是属于你的音乐。(张熠柠译自美国《华尔街日报》网站9月14日文章)



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